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INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

            YARACUY  State

Geopolitical division 
In 1527 it was part of the County of Venezuela. Then to the County of Caracas and later 
to the County of Carabobo. In 1824 it belonged to the County of Carabobo. In 1856 you 
became independent county. In 1864 it becomes state. From 1899 stays 
as federal entity. It is divided in eight municipalities and seven parishes. 

MAP VIAL 
The most important road is the troncal 1, with the tract San Felipe-moron of the freeway center - 
western and the troncal 11 that also communicates it with Carabobo. has a rail line 
that it goes by several populated centers, because it connects Barquisimeto with Puerto Cabello. And another 
that it communicates with Portuguese. The populations highlight of: Aroa, Chivacoa, Cocorote, Marín, 
Nirgua, Savanna of Vine, Yaritagua and Urachiche. 

Basic DATA 
Capital 
San Felipe 
Location 
Center-western region 
Limits 
North: Falcon 
South: Cojedes 
This: Carabobo 
West: Lara 
Surface 
7 100 km2 
Percentage of the national territory 
0,77%. it is the nineteenth entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 
has as natural monument María Lionza's mountain, in the Solid of Nirgua, in 
Chivacoa; where is María Lionza's sanctuary. The Monument is in San Felipe 
to the Indian Yaracuy, the Parque Leonor Bernabó with their pools, the Historical-archaeological Park 
San Felipe The Strong one and the National Park Yurubí. In Aroa it is the Parque Bolivariano Minas 
of Aroa, with the ruins of the mines and remains of apparatuses used for the excavations; 
a spa of clear waters also exists. José Antonio Páez House is in Guama, 
where the Centaur of the Plains lived in his childhood. In Nirgua they are the Ruins of San 
Vicente, a castle where stayed the extracted gold of the mines, and the Cerro Picacho with their 
petroglifos; very close the Embalse Cumaripa is. 

Geography 
Geology 
It is conformed by three spaces: Solid of Nirgua, Sierra of Aroa and Bobare, separated for 
the depression Cloudy-Yaracuy and the valley of the river Aroa. The masses orográficas and the structures 
geomorfológicas is constituted by the formations Nirgua, Aroa and the Complex Yaritagua, 
formed by metamorphic rocks with diverse alteration degrees. 

Relief 
It corresponds to the sector where it finishes the Mountain range of you Walk them and the Mountain range of the begins Costa. It possesses plains of deltaic and marine constitution, a tectonic depression (Cloudy - 
Yaracuy), fence first floor, a piedemonte fringe and mountainous formations with heights 
superiors to the 1 000 m.s.n.m. To the northwest it is constituted by solid materials that 
they originate a deltaic formation of not very compact floors, with an abundant aquifer mantel 
that it forms marshes, swamps and lagoons. In the center the Sierra of Aroa rises that divides 
the two main depressions, presenting elevations like the picks The Tiger, Paragüito and 
The Round one. To the southeast the Solid of Nirgua, the most uneven area in the is located 
Mountain range of the Costa, when constituting the point of encounter of the two mountainous chains of 
this mountain range: the serranías of the Coast and of the Interior. The flat sector finishes in the coast on 
the Caribbean Sea. To the north floors are located with prevalence of sand and slime, while others 
sectors present franc-arcillo-oozy character. 

Climate 
According to the Climatic Classification of Köeppen the climate is of savanna (Aw) and of steppe 
(Bs) with an annual half temperature of 26,1 °C and annual half precipitation of 1 900 mm. 
It presents an annual half temperature that it oscillates between 20 and 26° Celsius. 

Hydrography 
The waters escurrentes is divided in two slopes: that of the Sea caribe, constituted by those 
basins of the rivers Yaracuy and Aroa, and that of the Atlantic, where drenan the rivers Cabuy, Cloudy, 
Buría and Nirgua, which conform the system hidrográfico of the rivers Cojedes and San Carlos. 
It has a potential of underground waters that outlines very positive perspectives for the one 
I develop of the agriculture. Three areas of hydraulic use exist, you dam them: Engineer 
Francisco Amelinck, Engineer Germán R. Carballo and Engineer Hipólito K. Rodríguez. Among the rivers 
main they highlight: Aroa, Carabobo, Crucito, Chary, Guama, Marcano, Nirgua, Tamboral, 
Taría, Obstructs, Cloudy, Yaracuy, Yurubí and Yumare. 

Vegetation 
To the north the forest macrotérmica prevails in the Sierra of Aroa and in the Solid of Nirgua you 
observes the cloudy forest to an altitude of 800 m.s.n.m and the gallery forest along the river 
Yaracuy. 39% of the lands presents favorable conditions for the agricultural development. The 
forest potential is represented for: locust, bucare, cedar, jabillo, mijao, oak and samán. 

Fauna 
The characteristic mammals are: danta, limpet, cunaguaro and monkey capuchino. Among the birds 
they are: mountain partridge, camata, golden quetzal and eagle blanquinegro. Those are plentiful 
poisonous snakes: mapanare and candle tail, and among those not poisonous: queen and 
tragavenado. They are common the marsupial frog and the mountainous toad. 

Mineral resources 
They are represented for: sand, burdens, red clay, limestone, talc, marble and it upsets. Of those 
metallic minerals exist antimony, residual iron, lead and ilmenita. Other resources 
existent in the entity they are: get paid, dolomita, gold, pyre, silver, titanium and plaster. 

Population 
It occupies the décimooctavo place with regard to the national total, with 384 536 hab according to the XII one 
I take a census of General of Population and Housing 1990. Their density is of 58,2 hab/km2. The growth 
populational it is bound to the quick urbanization process in the last decades, since 
it passes of 38% of urban population in 1950 to 76% in 1990. As for the distribution 
populational, San Felipe, the capital, concentrates 17,70% and the rest is distributed among 
Yaritagua, Chivacoa, Nirgua, Cocorote and Albarico. 

NATIONAL PARKS 
Two National Parks exist: Tirgua (General Manuel Manrique), located among the state 
Carabobo and the municipality Nirgua of the state Yaracuy. Yurubí, to San Felipe's north, in the one 
sector Hill The Tiger-Chimborazo. 

Economic ACTIVITY 
The main activity is the agriculture. Of there that it is the first producing of orange of the country; 
the second in batata; and the third in avocado, peanut, paprika, cane of sugar and palm 
oil bottle. also takes place, although in smaller measure: corn, cambur, caraota, coffee, sorghum, 
banana, eggplant, bean and tomato. In the rivers it is given the cachama fishing and bagre. As for the one 
cattle sector, goats and bulls are raised. The industrial activity is incipient, however there is 
companies dedicated to the refined elaboration of sugar and paper pulp. 

TRADITIONS 
The word wake is good to denominate to the act of veiling a deceased, to name those 
celebrations devocionales around a saint or to define the party of The Cruz, the one which you 
carries out May 3. The Wakes of Cruz come from agrarian rites and with them it is looked for, year 
to year, to propitiate the crop. Musically they are formed by songs of: save, tone and tenth, 
and in almost the whole Portuguese state, also for romance and refrain. Survive it sings at two 
voices. The tone is interpreted, also to two voices, but for three couples of singers that you 
they alternate. There are tones of passion (religious content) and of toy (you fear pagans). Those 
festivities are carried out as much in the streets as in the houses, the important thing is that you 
install a prepared altar for the occasion in which the cross occupies the seat of honor.


Index -General Information by State

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

 



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