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INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

                         PORTUGUESE STATE 

Geopolitical division 
In the first half of the XIX century their territory was not defined as autonomous entity. In 
1856 Portuguese became one of the 21 counties in that the country was divided. In 1864 
it became state. In 1881 she/he becomes South state of West, and in 1909 she/he recovers 
the current territory. It is divided in fourteen municipalities and twenty-two parishes. 

MAP VIAL 
Between Agua Blanca and Ospino 90 kilometers of freeway exist. The troncal 5 communicates to the one state with Barinas and Cojedes. Through the troncal 7 she/he communicates with Lara and Trujillo. Among the most important populations are: Acarigua, Blanca, Araure, Dilutes Biscucuy, 
Boconoíto, Guanarito, Píritu and Villa Bruzual. 

Basic DATA 
Capital 
Guanare 
Location 
Center-western region 
Limits 
North: Lara and Cojedes 
South: Barinas 
This: Cojedes 
West: Barinas and Trujillo 
Surface 
15 200 km2 
Percentage of the national territory 
1,66%. it is the tenth second entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 
In Guanare she/he is the Basílica Catedral of Our Mrs. of Coromoto, as well as the one 
Sanctuary of the Coromoto, with a monument in the place where the virgin appeared in 1652. In 
the colonial helmet of Guanare is the Museo Inés Mercedes Gómez Álvarez. In the same one 
city the Casacoima that was headquarters of the Compañía Guipuzcoana and the parks is: Those 
Samanes and Bay of the Cliff. The Spa Fluvial Gulch is in Acarigua and Araure of 
Araure and that of Curpa, the railroad, and the churches: Our Mrs. of the Pilar, San Fernando of 
Ospino and San Miguel Arcángel. Besides the Monument to The Spike, the Monument to the Battle 
Galleys of Araure-the Barrow and the General Museum José Antonio Páez. In Agua Blanca you 
she/he finds the cave King Guaicaipuro's Palace, the Embalse Majaguas and the Fluvial Spa 
The Majaguas. In Biscucuy, the Fluvial Spa The Pionio and the Caves of the Río Xaguás. In 
Guanarito is the refuge of fauna Tideland of Chiriguare. 

Geography 
Relief 
It is characterized by the presence of a great extension of plane lands, corresponding to the 
Natural region The Plains and to the Natural Region you Walk Them. The piedemonte area and plains 
high they present a relief plane, little slope and fertile floors of alluvial origin subject to 
occasional floods, with numerous forests. Another part corresponds to the low plains, 
whose main characteristic is that they are subject to floods of long duration. Those 
estribaciones of you Walk them they are integrated by a group of lines of mountain ranges. These 
mountain landscapes and piedemonte present heights that oscillate between 400 and 2 200 m.s.n.m., to the one northwest of the entity. It has a great extension of plane lands, with floors of good 
quality and abundance of the resource dilutes. It presents an important agricultural potential estimated in 60% of their surface. 940 000 exist there is of earth with very high, high and moderate potential in the plains of the main rivers; near 13% of capable lands for use agricultural vegetable 
and 2 capable% for cattle use. 

Climate 
The climatic conditions present relative uniformity. The temperatures stockings oscillate 
between 24 and 28 ºC with annual precipitations between 1 200 and 1 900 mm. In the sector where you they locate the mountain landscapes and piedemonte, a wide range of conditions is presented 
climatic associated to the variations of height. 

Hydrography 
The mountainous area is reservorio of sources of water. The basins of the rivers are mentioned 
Cojedes, Portuguese, Acarigua and Guanare. Other courses of water are the rivers: Guache, Ospino, 
Tucupido, Resident and Bucaral, belonging to the basin hidrográfica of the river Orinoco. The 
resource hídrico is abundant, including the underground waters. 

Vegetation 
She/he has a wide surface covered with forests, where they can be: mahogany, cereipo, 
jabillo, merecure, palm llanera and puy. The expansion of the agricultural frontier has caused the 
loss of masses boscosas protectors and producers, to substitute them for exploitations 
agricultural and cattle of low yield. 

Fauna 
There are big mammals, as: deer, danta, bear melero and fox crab seller. Among the birds 
they highlight: duck cariblanco, rosy pick, king zamuro, paují curly crest, caricare, jay and 
chenchena. The most common reptiles are: morrocoy sabanero, terecay, iguana, snake tail 
yellow, snake of water and common toad, as well as a diversity of species of frogs. 

Mineral resources 
It has resources non minerals as: sand, limestone, calcareous magnesiana and it burdens. 

Population 
She/he has 576 435 hab, being located in the tenth second place among the federal entities, 
according to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990. Their density is of 37,9 hab/km2, practically double the national average. Their rate of growth is of 3,4%. Those 
municipalities with bigger population are: Páez (22,94%), Guanare (20,84%) and Araure (13,15%). 
With regard to the populational distribution, the tendency is to concentrate on the axis Acarigua - 
Araure in Guanare; also near the urban population's 70% it is distributed in those 
four main populated centers. The area Acarigua-Araure has experienced a growth 
sustained, ending up becoming the economic capital of the entity, being able to specialize 
as center of services and of support to the agricultural production. 

NATIONAL PARKS 
It possesses four national parks: Dinira, in the Sierra of Barbecues, embracing the states 
Lara, Trujillo and Portuguese. The Guache, in the beginning of the Mountain range of you Walk them, in those states Lara and Portuguese. Moor of Guaramacal, in the brunch this of you Walk Them, to the one occident of the country. Terepaima, to the southeast of Barquisimeto, in the oriental end of the 
Andean mountain range. 

Economic ACTIVITY 
The main activity is the agriculture. It is one of the main centers of application of a 
it programs to great scale for the modernization of the Venezuelan agriculture, which was 
conceived initially for the cultivation of rice and it influenced in the gestation of the agriculture 
tecnificada; as well as in all the related with the process of the agroindustrial activity. 
At the moment it is the first producing of rice, corn, coffee, sunflower, ajonjolí and cane of sugar. The second in sorghum, quinchoncho, tomato, sideburn and tobacco; and the third in yucca, bean and melon. It is also cultivated cotton and caraota. The timber activity is also of great relevance; the 
wooden production in rola places it as the fourth entity of the country as for production 
wooden. The industries have had a considerable increase in the last years, 
especially in the city of Acarigua, where a great sugar center, plants exists 
beneficiadoras of rice and numerous sawmills. 

TRADITIONS 
One of the most popular legends in the country is the one of Florentine and the Devil, the battle among the one well and the wrong, the fight among the somber coplero that she/he wanders wandering for the immensity of the savanna and mandinga, as well as she/he is denominated the devil. The myth was picked up in a unforgettable poem of Alberto Arvelo Torrealba. Florentine or the quitapesares represents the the hefty, strong and untamable man's image that is able to defeat the devil in a long bereavement. The bad she/he retires because the dawn arrives, and the singer loses the voice for the rest of his days after the confrontation by force of contrapunteos that transformed it into a legend that you it transmits of generation in generation. 


Index -General Information by State

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

 



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