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INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

                               MONAGAS State

Geopolitical division 
In 1568 the Government of New Andalusia is believed that passes to be denominated County of 
Cumaná. In 1856 the County of Maturín is established, becoming state Maturín in 1864. 
In 1881 the state settles down it Guides. In 1901 she/he becomes autonomous entity, and in 1909 
she/he acquires the state form Monagas. It is divided in ten municipalities and thirty and a parishes. 

MAP VIAL 
The road of more important terrestrial communication is the troncal 10 that the entity travels of 
north to south. It goes by Maturín and it communicates it with Sucre. To this the vialidad is connected secondary. In Shaker a highway takes toward Ravines and Tucupita. Some populations 
they are: Aguasay, Aragua of Maturín, Ravines of the Orinoco, Caicara, Caripe, Caripito, Tip of 
It kills, Quiriquire and Shaker. 

Basic DATA 
Capital 
Maturín 
Location 
Northeastern region 
Limits 
North: Sucre 
South: Bolivar and Anzoátegui 
This: Delta Amacuro 
West: Anzoátegui 
Surface 
28 900 km2 
Percentage of the national territory 
3,15%. it is the ninth entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 
It has the first natural monument decreed in the country, the Alejandro Humboldt; the 
bigger natural cavern of Venezuela and one of the most important of the world. In 
Maturín is Juana's vial The Avanzadora, heroine estadal. In the walk Liberator you 
she/he lifts the Cathedral of Our Mrs. of the Carmen of Maturín. Also in the capital it is the one 
Municipal park The Guaricha with their zoological one and their train, and the Municipal Park Menca of Leoni with a serpentario. Guayuta is Up in Aragua of Maturín, with petroglifos of 4.000 
years of antiquity and the town of Aparicio, where the Salto Aparicio, a fall of water is 
that it forms the river Aragua. The Balneario Maraquero is in Caicara of Maturín. In Caripe, The 
Cave of the Guácharo and several points to appreciate the work of the artisans of the area. In 
Tip of Bush can visit one another the spas: New step, Queregua, Lagoon of Musipán and 
The Spurt of Musipán; as well as the Park The Herons. In Quiriquire they are the waters 
thermal The Bathrooms. In San Antonio of Maturín, the island of Guara, the lagoon Cujisanica, the one Spa Miraflores and the river Long Morichal. 

Geography 
Geology 
The mountain landscape is of geologic material of age cretácea, constituted by rocks 
sedimentary. To the tables they are denominated High Plains of Monagas and it is an extension 
altiplana that is subdivided in two sectors: the piedemonte table and the flat table. The first one 
she/he has a geologic basement formed by songs, blocks and cobbles. The second have 
silts of the quaternary one: toward the north of the cretáceo-third and toward the south the fraction sand. The plain landscape constitutes the low plains. The one of it overflows it presents fluvial silts 
of diverse origin: the material of the deltaic plain is recent, of alluvial origin. The plain 
muddy coastal it is a means of marine origin. And the alluvial plain of the Orinoco has 
very recent silts. 

Relief 
It is conformed by three landscapes: mountains (Serranía of Turimiquire), tables (High Plains) and 
plains (Low Plains). That of mountain presents elevations between 400 and 2 300 m.s.n.m., with 
fence and depressions. The topography of piedemonte table is smoothly inclined, with 
slopes between 2 and 6% and inferior elevations to 400 m.s.n.m. The flat table is one 
almost plane plateau with slopes of 1 to 2% and elevations smaller than 40 m.s.n.m. The 
relief of the plain of it overflows alluvial of the Orinoco it is plane, with smaller slopes to 1%, 
and some depressions. The floors of the tables are ultisol, entisoles and oxisoles. In the table of 
piedemonte is of little fertility. In the flat table there are sectors with floors of textures 
you mediate, those of better physical conditions for the agricultural activity. In the plains those 
floors are loamy of fine textures and you mediate of the order inceptisol and vertisol. In the sector 
mountainous they are lands associated with rocky blooming, of moderate to low fertility and 
high susceptibility to the erosion. 

Climate 
Two climatic types exist according to the classification of Köeppen: the savanna climate (Aw), with 
high temperatures and two rainy stations. The climate of steppes (Bs) characterized by the 
dryness. The temperature varies between 16º and 25 ºC in the mountainous sector, in the tables and 
plains present an annual stocking of 27 ºC. The precipitation averages yearly it oscillates among 800 
and 2 000 mm. 

Hydrography 
It has an extensive net hidrográfica, highlighting the river Guarapiche in the tables. The rivers 
they are of little depth, marking the termination of the piedemonte in which three are located 
fluvial valleys: that of the rivers Fake-Areo, Guarapiche and Púnceres-Aragua. They cross the one 
state the rivers: Tácata, Tonoro, Carís, Guanipa and The Tiger. 

Vegetation 
According to the classification of Holdridge, it corresponds to the forest humid premontano (Bhp) 
in the mountainous area, tropical dry forest (Bst) and forest humid premontano (Bhp) in those 
tables and plains, presenting the vegetable formations: forest, gallery forest, savanna 
and forests veraneras. 

Fauna 
Among the birds they highlight: duck whistler, guacamaya, toucan, 
cardenalito and guácharo. Of the mammals the silky osito and the slight acure. They are also located 
limpet, deer, cachicamo, danta and manatí. Among the reptiles: cayman of the Orinoco, dribbles, 
morrocoy and iguana, and among the ophidian ones poisonous, the bell of Uracoa. The state counts with a considerable fishing potential. Among the commercial species they highlight: lined bagre, 
golden bagre, yellow bagre, stubborn bagre, cachama, curvina, coporo, zapoara and bass. 

Mineral resources 
It is, jointly with Anzoátegui, the region with more potential of oil resources. 
It has important reservations of hydrocarbons in the Oil Strip of the Orinoco. Inside 
of the non metallic minerals there are deposits of calcareous, as well as sands silíceas. 

Population 
The population is of 470 157 hab according to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990, being placed in the sixteenth place among the federal entities. Their density is of 16,3 
Hab/km2. the distribution is the result of a historical process happened in function of the 
she/he witnesses of water and of other necessary resources for the subsistence. The landscapes of 
piedemonte and mountain conform spaces that have been constituted in areas that you/they offer those bigger attractiveness for the population's localization. 
The municipality Maturín with the population's 56,98%, is the most dynamic in the sixteen 
municipalities that integrate the state. 

NATIONAL PARKS 
It has a single national park: The Guácharo that harbors the cave of the same name. 
It is located in the northeastern region, in the Solid of Caripe. It occupies a surface of 62 700 
there is. 

Economic ACTIVITY 
The main economic activity is the agricultural one. It is the first producing of yucca and peanut of the one country; and the second in soya, avocado, palm oil bottle and eggplant. It is also cultivated: corn, ajonjolí, sorghum, cane of sugar, cambur, coffee, caraota, cotton, tobacco, tomato, sideburn and orange. As for the forest activity, it is the third entity with more production. Those 
forest plantations located to the southeast of the state and the Southwest of the state Anzoátegui, 
they constitute one of the most important of the country, where they have put on in production species as the pine caribe. Other forest resources are: locust, ceiba, I clot, jabillo, jobo and 
mangrove. 

TRADITIONS 
In the whole country she/he takes place in diverse ways December 28, Day of the Saints 
Innocent. In Monagas the manifestation has its presence through a celebration 
popular well-known as the Dance of the Monkey. It is a dance or of one improvised 
collective choreography in which the participants are let guide for the central character, the one 
Monkey who dressed in the most similar way to a simian goes indicating the steps that should 
to execute the present who, some behind other, in extensive arrays and fellows for the 
waist, the population's streets travel. Most of people that participate 
they darken their faces with soot and the clothes of colors are tinted. The Monkey goes giving instructions 
precise, it promotes the incorporation of new dancers and with a whip it punishes to who not 
they complete the instructions. 
The party is accompanied by varied instruments and musical goods among those that you 
they include drums, rope instruments and, even, steel band.


Index -General Information by State

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

 



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