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INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

                                          LARA State

Geopolitical division 

The territory of Lara was occupied by several indigenous groups, highlighting the caquetíos, those 
jirajaras and the gayones, seated mainly in the Tocuyo; while the axaguas and those 
achaguas was located in the current municipality Towers. During the colonial period and it leaves of the one independentista, these lands belonged to the County of Caracas. In 1824 they were part 
of the County of Carabobo. In 1832 you creó the County of Barquisimeto. In 1881 the one is believed 
Great North State of West, the one which later passed to call himself state Lara. In 1909 the one 
Lara acquires its autonomy. It is divided in nine municipalities and fifty two parishes. 

MAP VIAL 
The road of more important terrestrial communication is the troncal 4 that crosses the north entity to 
south for their end this and it communicates to the state with Falcon and Portuguese. Among the populations more important they highlight: Quíbor, Cabudare, Carora, Dyer, Cubiro, The Tocuyo, I will Heal and Siquisique. 

Basic DATA 
Capital 
Barquisimeto. 
Location 
Region Center–Western. 
Limits 
North: Falcon. 
South: Trujillo and Portuguese. 
This: Yaracuy and Cojedes. 
West: Trujillo and Zulia. 
Surface 
19 800 km2. 
Percentage of the national territory 
2,10%. it is the tenth first entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 
It possesses a single natural monument, Hill of León, refuge of endemic species and in danger 
of extinction. In Barquisimeto she/he is the only railroad of passengers of the country that 
it connects to the capital with Puerto Cabello, Acarigua and San Felipe. The Center is also erected 
Historical Larense with archaeological and artistic exhibitions, and the Museum of Barquisimeto. 
They highlight three parks: Forest Macuto, Parque Ayacucho and Parque Bararida. The Square of the one Shaft is one of the symbols of the city. Lara is a state of artisans; the adults 
exhibition towns and sale of pieces are: Dyer, Cubiro, I will Heal and Carora. In Cubiro you 
they locate The Hills of Cubiro, where the barquisimetanos usually spends a day of field. In 
Duaca is the Spa The Guape and a petroglifos area. In Quíbor she/he is the Museum 
Archaeological of Quíbor and the Indigenous Cemetery, both show before Columbus pieces 
pickups in the area. In The Tocuyo the church of Our should be visited Mrs. of the 
Concepción that has an unique altarpiece in their style that dates of 1770, as well as the Museum 
Historical Lisandro Alvarado, with works of the famous tocuyense. 

Geography 
Geology 
It presents a landscape of contrasts: raised mountainous fronts with formations of the eras 
secondary and tertiary, as well as alluvial plains of the quaternary era. The silts 
third foldings in anticlinales are appreciated in lengthened serranías and parallel to each other. Those silts of the third superior fewer consolidated are and they are represented in low hills 
rounded. The valleys and depressions understand important extensions of silts 
of the quaternary one old and recent. 

Relief 
It is constituted by mountainous landscapes of hills, valleys and depressions. The systems 
present they are: Andean system: integrated by the last estribaciones of the System of those 
Walk Venezuelans. The biggest height is the moor Cendé with 3 585 m.s.n.m. Sistema Coriano 
or Falconiano: formed by the mountains of Baragua, Bobare-Matatere and Jirajara-Ziruna; their height maxim is the hill The Cerrón with 1 900 m.s.n.m. System of the Costa: it concludes or she/he begins with the Sierra of Aroa that penetrates for the center-oriental end, reaching a maximum height of 2 500 m.s.n.m., in the hill Stick of Water. The Depression of Lara is in their central part, with a great percentage of plane land; besides the depressions Cloudy-Yaracuy and that of Moroturo. 

Climate 
They can be recognized: humid paramero that corresponds to 0,3% of the territory, the montano 
under humid that represents 4,5%, the humid premontano with 19% of the surface, the one 
dry and very dry premontano that occupy 30% of the total, and the tropical one dry and very dry that they occupy 46,2% of the total surface, being the most representative in the state. 

Hydrography 
The net hidrográfica is represented by the basins of the rivers: Cloudy, Morene, Yacambú, 
Sarare and Tocuyo, this last one is the most important; Cendé is born in the proximities of the moor and it crosses the whole territory estadal. In him they are the reservoirs: Two Hills and Atarigua. 
Other rivers of relevance are: Yellow, Auro, Baragua, Curarigua and Urama. The state presents 
shortage of the resource dilutes. The resources hídricos concentrates to the south and these drenan toward other entities, except for those that have their origin in the basin of the river Tocuyo. 

Vegetation 
In the part center-north the vegetation xerófila prevails, abundant in cujíes, tunas and 
cardones. To the south the variation goes from heaths to forests tropical subhúmedos. The 
forest potential is limited, because the formations boscosas completes functions protectors. 
They highlight the species: cují, naked Indian, jabillo, jobo, olive tree, semeruco and she/he will see. 

Fauna 
It is known about a great variety of species, such as: rabbits, limpets, partridges, deer, 
doves, and snakes like bell and velvet. 

Mineral resources 
It not has mineral resources metallic, especially red clays, white clays, 
sands silíceas, gravels, and several limestone types. Besides iron, mercury and pirrofilitas. 

Population 
According to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990 the population is of 1 193 161 hab., being placed in the fifth place with regard to the national total. It possesses a populational density of 60,3 hab/km2, three times the national average. The main urban centers are: 
Barquisimeto, Carora, Cubiro, Quíbor, The Tocuyo, Cabudare and Duaca. The economic impulse, 
generated by the commercial, financial and industrial activities, it has motivated a dynamism 
demographic that places it like one of population's main entities receptoras of the one 
country, being their superior indexes of growth to the national average. As for the 
the population's distribution, one has that 52,3% is concentrated on the city of 
Barquisimeto. 

NATIONAL PARKS 
It has five national parks: Terepaima, to the southeast of Barquisimeto, in the end 
oriental of the Andean Mountain range. The Guache, in the south side of the Parque Yacambú, where 
they are adjacent the states Lara and Portuguese. Yacambú, to the southeast of the state, in the region center - western. Dinira, in the fork of the valleys: Soap, Badilla, Aranda and Clubs. Hill 
Saroche, in the center-western part. 

Economic ACTIVITIES 
The main economic activities are: commercial, financial, industrial and agricultural. Among 
the agricultural items, it is the only one that produces a considerable quantity of sisal. It occupies the one first place in the pineapple production, cucumber, onion and paprika. Also, it is the second 
producing of coffee, melon, grape and cane of sugar of the country, and the third in potato. As for the cattle raising, is the first producing of having won caprino and the second in ovino. As for the sector industrial, it has important companies of: I cement, nutritious products, drinks 
alcoholic and gassy, steel products and metalmecánicos, useful and tackle, lines and 
sacks, and musical instruments. 

TRADITIONS 
Among the varied traditions of Lara, it highlights the Tamunangue or Dance of the Black ones of San 
Antonio. The party is carried out in honor to San Antonio of Padua. When concluding the religious service, the saint's image is taken out of the church, followed by the musicians and the members of the brotherhood. Then the ceremonial begins. First, Save Her and the Battle. In the first one you 
they recite sentences and it is sung The it Saves in a journey that visits altars in the houses of 
members of the brotherhood already deceaseds. In second o'clock, she/he puts on in scene a dance mockery of fight of garrotes. Then, the procession returns to the church, where an altar is improvised for San Antonio. Then the celebration of the dance begins that consists of seven stages or sones: The Beautiful one, The Yiyivamos, the Juruminga, The Perrendenga, The little by little, The Galerón and the one Six Corrío. Each one with a game choreographic matter that she/he goes from the simulation of forms of courtship, going by burlesque cartoons of relationships of power among the couple, until complex figures intertwined among three couples. The music is executed with a drum 
similar to the cumaco, maracas and rope instruments as the four and the six cordófono. 


Index -General Information by State

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

 



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