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INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

                                   MIRANDA 

Geopolitical division 
It belonged to the County of Venezuela. Starting from 1830 it begins to be part of others 
entities during successive political-territorial divisions. In 1864 it arises as entity 
autonomous. In 1891 it integrates the state White Guzmán. In 1899 it is included inside the 
County of Caracas. In 1904 it becomes an autonomous entity. It is divided in veintiún 
municipalities and fifty three parishes. 

MAP VIAL 
It possesses a wide infrastructure vial and a great percentage of freeways. It has the system 
of transport underground Meter of Caracas from the station Chacaíto to the station 
terminal Green Stick. Among the important populations they are counted: Baruta, Caucagua, Cúa, 
Charallave, Guarenas, Guatire, Higuerote, Ocumare of the Tuy, Petare, Small River, Santa Teresa, 
Sacred Lucía and San Francisco of Yare. 

Basic DATA 
Capital 
The Teques 
Location 
Capital region 
Limits 
North: Federal district and Caribbean Sea 
South: Guárico, Aragua and Anzoátegui 
This: Caribbean Sea 
West: Aragua 
Surface 
7 950 km2 
Percentage of the national territory 
0,87%. it is the tenth seventh entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 
It has two natural monuments: the Cueva Alfredo Jahn, the second more long of the country, 
located in Windward, near Curiepe. And the Pico Codazzi, one of the highest summits in the 
Mountain range of the Costa, located in the limits of the states Aragua and Miranda. In The Teques 
she/he is the Park The Charm, to which you consents taking a railroad in the station Those 
Lakes. For the same area it is the picturesque town of The Jarillo. The Sanctuary is in Cúa of 
the Virgin of Betania. In Santa Lucía's Church, in the population of the same name, you 
she/he finds Santa Lucía's altarpiece, national monument made by Domingo Gutiérrez, this way 
as Santa Lucía's three statues. For the properties of Higuerote it can leave to the island of 
Crop with their crystalline waters. Other beaches of the cost mirandinas frequented by those 
inhabitant of Caracas are: Higuerote, Small River, Chirimena, Chuspa and French Port. Other points of interest of the state is the town of The Hatillo, the Parque Rómulo Betancourt, the Park Those 
Jets and the modern commercial centers: Sambil, Center Commercial City Tamanaco 
(C.C.C.T.), Concresa, Square The America, Good fortune, The Cascade and The Large house. 

Geography 
Geology 
She/he acquired their physiognomy in the third quaternary superior. The headlands of the north coast 
they come from a rising of the coast that was given in the plioceno. It is located inside two 
lines orográficas: the Serranía of the Coast and that of the Interior, with a great depression among them, the 
plain barloventeña, as well as the valleys of the Tuy and the oriental part of the valley of Caracas. 

Relief 
Serranía of the Coast: it presents anticlinales, sinclinales, flaws and diaclasas. A relief prevails 
accident victim and abrupt, with pending discharges, irregular, sharp crests and of deep 
explode, besides straits you fence intramontanos. Serranía of the Interior: lower than the one of the one Coast. To the south it presents numerous landslide flaws that serve as contact among those 
different geologic formations, besides numerous fractures and diaclasas in the rocks. The 
relief has strong slopes that arrive up to 70%. Oriental Sector of the Valley of 
Caracas: it is a depression of the Serranía of the Coast. The river Guaire divides it in two fringes that they differ for their decline. Fence of the Tuy: they form a depression among the two formations orográficas, starting from which the plain barloventeña that separates the serranías begins of the Coast and of the Interior. Depression of Windward: plain of sedimentary origin where you they identify low landscapes and planes: fence, explayamiento plains and marine coast subject to 
a constant deposition of silts. The potential of agricultural lands is located in the 
depression Guarenas-Guatire, Half Tuy, valleys, plains and sectors colinosos of Windward. 
The plain of Windward is the one that presents bigger surface of fertile lands. The lands of the one 
Tuy Medio shows medium potential, but they have been underemployed with cattle activities 
and extensive cañícolas. 

Climate 
They exist several floors bioclimáticos that vary from the tropical one, until the low montano. The 
pluviosidad averages yearly it is of 1 300 and 1 500 mm, product of the humid Trade winds 
that they enter for Windward. The rains are present up to nine months. The temperature 
maxim and minimum it is of 27 ºC and 18 ºC, in the mountain range. In the depressions the average is of 26 ºC. 

Hydrography 
The net hidrográfica presents short courses whose flow increases gradually from the areas 
drier until the most humid. The waters drenan toward the Caribbean Sea. The main basin 
it is that of the river Tuy, and the most important subcuencas they are: Guaire, Cuira, Big, Guare, 
Ocumarito, Lagartijo, Taguaza, Taguacita and Broken Charallave. The readiness of resources 
hídricos is scarce to be inside the biggest urban-industrial conglomerate in the country. It counts 
with the reservoirs: The Butterfly, Lagartijo, The Laziness, Ocumarito, Dilutes Cold, Taguaza, The 
Handsome and Dry Gulch. The biggest potential of underground waters offers it the aquifer of 
Windward. It possesses three lagoons: Tacarigua, Crop and The Queen. 

Vegetation 
The vegetable formations are: forests, heaths, espinares, herbazales, palmares and 
swamps. The dense vegetation of the pluvial or rainy forest contrasts with the xerófila that 
it prevails in the slope that gives to the Caribbean. The mangrove and the palmar are characteristic of the coast. In the mountainous areas and in the interior valleys the forest tropófila prevails. Those 
forests are located on uneven landscapes. The forest resources are 
represented for: apamate, escobo, guamo, hicaco, jabillo, jobo and tobacco. 

Fauna 
The mammals are: deer reddish matacán or locho, limpet, picure and monkey araguato. Among those 
birds: ponchas and red guacamaya. They highlight among the reptiles: the bell, the mapanare, the 
leather jacket and the tragavenado. The frog platanera and the common toad are abundant. In the coast lagoons exist where it is possible the development of the fishing activity, 
represented by species like: cunaro, pargo, carite, jurel, lebranche, bass, several types of 
crab and shrimps. One has the haulage fishing that is selective and it is located in the fishing 
camaronera of Windward; lacustrine that is carried out in the lagoon of Tacarigua and the handmade one carried out along the coast. 

Mineral resources 
As for the mining potential, basically they are located limestone, sand, burdens and clay. They are had found iron deposits in Capaya. 

Population 
According to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990, Miranda concentrates a total 
populational of 1 871 093 hab, being located in the second place among the federal entities; 
with a rate I average yearly of 3,1% above the national average and a density of 
235,4 hab/km2, almost twelve times the national average. Miranda is one of the more spaces 
towns, just by 0,9% of the national territory, she/he has near the urban population's 10%. 
This behavior is justified because great part of its territory belongs to the area 
metropolitan of Caracas through the municipalities: Chacao, The Hatillo, Baruta, Sucre and the 
parish Cecilio Acosta, and because due to the expansion necessity that has had Caracas 
it has been given the growth urbanístico like cities bedrooms of The Teques, San Antonio 
of the High ones, Carrizal, Guarenas, Guatire, and several populated centers of the Half Tuy. Those 
migratory processes, so much internal as of the exterior, they have been intense and the capital region has the main receptora. 

NATIONAL PARKS 
It possesses five national parks: The Ávila that shares with Vargas and the Federal District; 
it occupies the central tract of the Mountain range of the Costa. Macarao that shares with the District Federal. Guatopo, in the mountainous region of the Serranía of the Interior, occupies the states Miranda and Guárico. Lagoon of Tacarigua, in the region of Windward. 

Economic ACTIVITY 
The industrial one is among the important economic activities, mainly the manufacturer, 
that it constitutes, together with that of the Federal District (through the metropolitan area of Caracas and their expansion areas: Pan-American highway, Guarenas-Guatire and Half Tuy) the first 
group urban manufacturer of the country. They highlight in the industrial environment: products 
metalmecánicos, chemical and nutritious, alcoholic and gassy drinks, graphic arts, 
fabrics and footwears, among others. The financial, commercial activities and of services they have 
great importance. The development of the sector tourism has come in ascent with the construction of 
facilities and hotel infrastructures. The agricultural activities continue having its 
traditional importance, being the first producing of milky, yam, ocumo and cocoa; the one 
second in caraota, and the third in coconut and orange. It is also cultivated: yucca, corn, cambur, 
banana and mandarin. In the cattle sector, it is the second in the production of swinish livestock. 

TRADITIONS 
One of the celebrations more popular barloventeñas is the party in homage to San Juan, the 
which is carried out June 24. During the acts in honor to this patron saint, they are carried out 
masses during the midnight, the dawn and the night of the celebration. The 23 are the Wake of 
San Juan, in which is sung the saint in the altar where she/he is prepared for the following day, 
when she/he is carried out the procession to the church where a mass is officiated in its honor. Of there it leaves to travel the town until arriving at the house of where it left. It is there where people meet to continue dancing until the dawn. In some populations she/he is carried out the 25 the Funeral 
of San Juan, with a similar journey to the one carried out the previous day to say goodbye to the saint until the one next year. In these celebrations the calls drum blows are executed. Through the 
letter of the songs, loaded with improvisations, the soloist is alternated with the choir. The instrument it is par excellence the drum it mines, accompanied by the curbata for the touches that are taken to end in the streets of the town. For the music that is interpreted in the houses it is used 
frequently the round drum or ass é goad.


Index -General Information by State

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

 



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