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INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

                             Falcon State

Geopolitical division 

The costs of Falcon were the first ones where the Spaniards arrived when arriving to the continent 
American. In 1815 the County of Choir was established. It was erected as autonomous county in 
1818. In 1821 it belonged to the department Zulia. In 1830 it passes to form the County of Choir. 
In 1901 it is denominated state Falcon. It is divided in twenty-one municipalities and seventy eight 
parishes. 

MAP VIAL 

It has two roads of terrestrial communication of importance that unite to Choir, on one hand 
with the Zulia and for the other one, with the central area. The excellent populations are: Capatárida, 
Cumarebo, Chichiriviche, Churuguara, Dabajuro, The Candle of Choir, The Taques, Judibana, 
Mene of Mauroa, Mirimire, Pedregal, New Town, Fixed Point, San Luis, San Juan of those 
Keys, Santa Cruz of Bucaral and Tucacas. 

Basic DATA 

Capital 
Choir. Declared Historical Patrimony of the Humanity for the UNESCO, since it was the first 
stable human establishment of the South American continent. 
Location 
Center-western region. 
Limits 
North: Caribbean Sea and gulf of Venezuela. 
South: Lara and Yaracuy. 
This: Caribbean Sea. 
West: Zulia. 
Surface 
24 800 km2. 
Percentage of the national territory 
2,71%. it is the tenth entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 

The Hill Santa Ana is the only natural monument of the state, located in the center of the 
peninsula of Paraguaná. In their higher part there is cloudy forest and in the inferior part, the one 
climate is semi-arid. The Dunes of Choir and the beaches of Morrocoy are very frequented for 
the tourists. In Tucacas and Chichiriviche they are the jetties where they take those 
crafts that lead to those near thirteen keys that compose the park. So much the 
colonial area of The Candle like that of Choir conserves almost intact the colonial architecture. In 
Choir is erected the Historical Museum of Ceramic and Popular Pottery, the House of the Windows of 
Iron, the Diocesan Museum and the Museum of Art of Choir. She/he is also the Garden 
Xerófilo and the Monument of the Federation. In the peninsula of Paraguaná she/he is the End of 
San Román, more northern point of the country and from which one can see the island of Curazao. 
The beaches of Adícora are poles of windsurfistas attraction. In Cardón she/he is the one 
Zoological of Paraguaná with 95 species of animals. In San Luis of Curiagua it is the one 
park Curiagua, with a pool that you full with the river and whose are flooded they recycle 
constantly. The Refinería Cardón is on the dot Fixed. 

Geography 

Relief 
The mountainous landscape prevails, with 32% of the continental platform of the country and the 
existence of arid and semi-arid areas. The landscapes go from coastal plains, until 
mountain ranges, formed by valleys and serranías, in an area of intermediate relief among both 
big mountainous systems of the north of the country. The coastal plains are divided in three 
areas: peninsula of Paraguaná (where it highlights the hill Santa Ana, with 850 m of altitude), 
Oriental coastal plains and western coastal Plains. Other landscapes are the serranías, 
fence intramontanos, tectonic depressions and piedemonte areas, where the one is located 
system mountainous coriano, with floors tropical premontanos or subhúmedos. 
The Dunes or formation of dunes are in the isthmus of Choir. The floors in the coastal line 
they are calcareous, in alluvial planes, terraces and plane areas; among the serranías of Lara and 
Falcon is located franc-loamy floors. The readiness of agricultural lands is scarce, 
it presents 89% of lands of very low to extremely low potential. 2% only counts 
with very high potential. 

Climate 
The temperature average in the coastal plains is of 28,7 ºC, while in the area 
mountainous the average is of 21,2 ºC. The precipitations are scarce toward the coast, 
increasing toward the mountainous areas, with an annual stocking of 750 mm. according to the one 
system of classification of Köeppen, they occur diverse climates, as that of steppe (Bs), savanna 
(Aw) and desert (Bw). 

Hydrography 
The net hidrográfica is formed by the basins of the rivers: Yaracuy, Aroa, Tocuyo-Araurima, 
Hueque, Mitare, Paradise, Matícora and I will Heal that pour their waters toward the Caribbean Sea. Others 
rivers of importance are: Güigüe, Pedregal, Remedies, Ricoa and San Luis. Under the Sierra of San 
Luis, in the Cave of the Bull, the biggest underground lake in Venezuela, the Rite is of 
Acarite. 

Vegetation 
It has six units: savannas, where the gramineous ones prevail; forests, with 
swamps, caducifolios and perennifolios; heaths, with caducifolios and perennifolios; espinares, 
with dunes and typical espinares; grasses and cultivations, and areas erodadas and saline. The potential 
forest it is located in the mountainous areas, and their main function is protector. They highlight those 
species: candlestick, cedar, cují, guamo, jabillo and she/he will see. 

Fauna 
It is represented for: rabbit sabanero, bat bigger longirostro, grizzly matacán and 
ounce. Among the birds they highlight: Korean cardinal, dove sabanera, flamenco and gallineta of 
it dilutes. The turtle mordelona, the bell, the choral, the tigra leather jacket, the lagartijo and the one kills real 
they represent the reptiles. Among the amphibians: common toad and toad lipón. 

Mineral resources 
It presents a high energy potential, with the existence of petroleum, gas and coal. The resources 
non metallic miners are: clay, sand, burdens, limestone, dolomita, fosforita and salt. Among those 
metallic they highlight: I chrome, copper, cobalt, manganese and nickel. 

Population 
The population is of 599 185 hab according to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990, 
being located in the tenth first place with regard to the national total, with a density 
populational of 24,2 hab/km2, superior to the national average and a rate of growth of 1,9%, 
below the national average. The populational growth has been moderate, always for 
under the national rate. Regarding the population's distribution, 48,4% of those 
inhabitants are located in the municipalities Carirubana (25,70%), Miranda (22,76%) and Falcon (5,53%) 
where the axis Fixed Choir-point is located. Sacred Ana of Choir, the capital, concentrates 20,8%. Him 
they continue in order of importance: Fixed point and Punta Cardón, located in the end 
suroccidental of the peninsula of Paraguaná, seat of the oil activities. 

NATIONAL PARKS 
Four national parks exist: Dunes of Choir, between Choir and Fixed Point, crossing the one 
isthmus of the peninsula of Paraguaná. Cave of the Gulch of the Bull, to 15 kilometers of 
Sacred Cruz of Bucaral. Morrocoy, in the continental and marine areas, among Tucacas and 
Chichiriviche. And Sierra of San Luis, in the center of the state. 

Economic ACTIVITY 
The oil company is among the main economic activities, with the presence of two o'clock 
bigger refineries of Latin America: Amuay and Cardón. In spite of being a state with high 
potentiality hidrocarburífera, the main energy sources as input for those 
refineries come from Anzoátegui and Zulia. It has a great fishing potential, being the 
third entity producer of the country. The fishing areas are: Sad gulf, gulf of The Candle and 
gulf of Venezuela. This last bill with more than 50% of the species of great value 
commercial as: jurel, shrimp, crab, octopus, lobster, squid, pepitona, carite, curvina, 
tuna, flat, snorer, corocoro, lebranche and cazón. As for the agricultural activity, it is the first 
producing of coconut. It is also cultivated: cane of sugar, onion, corn, sorghum, sideburn, melon, 
yam, ocumo, paprika and caraota. In cattle raising, it is the second in caprino, the third in ovino 
and the third in production of cheeses. The industrial activity is represented for: industries 
of prosecution, frozen and packed of fish and shellfish, and a group of medium 
industries of foods, drinks and furniture. 

TRADITIONS 
The refrain is a cheerful polyphonic song to two voices characteristic of the state Falcon. It is interpreted in 
wakes, rogativas and, especially, in the festivities characteristic of the Christmas. Their character is 
devocional or layman, in this last case, besides using four and tambora (those 
instruments par excellence) she/he incorporates charrasca and furruco. The interpretive style of the one 
refrain is also present in other songs of the area, as it saves her and the romance; this 
triad conforms what is known as Cantería of Falcon. 


Index -General Information by State

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

 



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