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INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

                             DELTA AMACURO State

Geopolitical division 
The Delta like political-administrative entity, it was created in 1884. It took the name of Territory 
Federal Delta. In 1893 it passed to be part of the state Bolivar. In 1901 it recovers their autonomy, 
with the name of Territory Federal Delta Amacuro. In 1991  is given state category. You 
it divides in four municipalities and veintiún parishes. 

MAP VIAL 
The troncal 15 is the most important road that unites Tucupita with Shaker, Maturín and Barrack. 
The communication is carried out, fundamentally, through the marine and air transport. Those 
populations of more relevance are, besides the capital: Curiapo, The Horqueta, Flints, 
Piacoa and Santa Catalina. 

Basic DATA 
Capital 
Tucupita. 
Location 
Region of Guayana. 
Limits 
North: Gulf of it Gave birth to and Océano Atlántico. 
South: Bolivar. 
This: Ocean Atlantic. 
West: Monagas. 
Surface 
40 200 km2. 
Percentage of the national territory 
4,39%. it is the seventh entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 
Here one of the biggest deltas in the world is, conformed for more than 70 
ramifications of rivers, pipes and channels that you/they are born in the Orinoco and they pour their waters in the one 
Ocean Atlantic. The adventure tourism has charged peak in the last years. To travel in boat 
by the Orinoco, and to admire the majestuosidad of the flora and of the fauna they are the more activities frequent of the visitors. In Tucupita one can enjoy the Spa San Salvador, the 
 marries Indigenous and two churches: the Divine Shepherdess's Cathedral and that of San José of Tucupita. In Curiapo the indigenous population of the waraos is, with crafts characteristic of this ethnos. In Sacred Catalina the streams of Sacoroco and in Piacoa, the Isla Tórtola. 

Geography 
Geology 
Two geologic formations exist: that of the mountainous system of the Shield of Guayana, of 
origin precámbrico, located to the south of the main bed of the river Orinoco, and the Delta of the Orinoco, formed in the pleistoceno and in the holoceno, to the north of the main bed of the Orinoco. In the area mountainous, denominated Sierra of Imataca, there are rocks of the algonquino (it was archaic). The region deltaic or fluvial plain of recent geologic origin is formed by clay and slime that it to begin in the plioceno (end was third), continuing in the pleistoceno and holoceno 
(quaternary) until our days. Oil locations have been located whose formation you 
it should to marine sedimentations of the mioceno. 

Relief 
In the south of the deltaic area it is given a system of hills and surfaces disectadas that form 
it leaves of the complex of Imataca. The mountainous topography offers certain protection of those 
floods. The islands of the superior delta are subjected to big fluctuations of the level of 
the waters for influence of the régime biestacional of the Orinoco. The other form of the relief is the one Delta in yes that doesn't have elevations, except for some cones of mud. When being crossed for one net of courses of water, they conform a sinnúmero of islands whose floors remain flooded. 
In the deltaic fan they are common the formations of islands of scarce elevation; these together 
with the fluvial and coastal plains, they are the characteristic forms of this relief, in union 
with the tips, bars, banks of sand, swamps and estuaries. The floors are originated for 
the contributions of the river Orinoco and their tributaries. In the sector colinoso they are of rocky tendency and those you leave terminals they are composed by recent silts. The agricultural potential is minimum, because the floors have little fertility, with acidity problems and loamy texture. 

Climate 
According to the classification of Köeppen, the savanna climate prevails (Aw), in the coast, and the climate tropical monzónico (Ami) in the most continental area. The annual half temperature is of 26 °C, being the maxim of 31 °C and the minimum of 20,6 °C. The temperature is high the whole year. Those annual precipitations oscillate between 1 000 and 2 000 mm. 

Hydrography 
It is characterized by the courses of water of the pipes and arms of the river Orinoco, of which you/they highlight the pipes: Mánamo, Macareo, Capure, Flints, Cocuina, Argauao, Aragüito, Sacupana, Merejina, and the Big rivers and Amacuro; that they converge in the Océano Atlántico and they generate one complex fluvial net and of marshy islands where big lagoons are located. 

Vegetation 
Four vegetable formations exist: forest that is part of the Forest Reservation of 
Imataca; forest, a tropical mantel always green, with great variety of species; savanna, 
dominated by different herbaceous species; and the estuary, with prevalence of swamps and 
some palmares. The aquatic vegetation that highlights is the iris of water or bora. 

Fauna 
Each one of the ecosystems has an immense variety of species. Inside those 
mammals: manatí, picure deltano and water giant's dog. Ave: real duck, blue guacamaya and 
yellow, dwarf guacamaya, swamp sparrow hawk and the swamp cuckoo. Reptiles: different 
turtle species and the small lizard deltona. Amphibians: great variety of frogs and common toad. 

Mineral resources 
The existence of alluvium gold, quartz, asphalt has been verified, bauxite, iron, mercury, 
sulfurate, it upsets and petroleum. 

Population 
The population is of 84 564 hab, being placed in the twentieth third place according to the XII Census General of Population and Housing 1990. The populational density is of 2,3 hab/km2, that that it indicates an uninhabited geographical space. As for the population's evolution it is observed 
that even when the absolute population has grown starting from 1941, the percentage with regard to the one country has diminished. On the other hand, the indigenous communities have been emigrating toward Monagas, escaping from the process of salinización of the waters, product of the closing of the pipe Mánamo. With regard to the space distribution, it is observed that the municipality Tucupita (with 76,33%) it is the center of the activities. In the rest indigenous communities prevail. There is 
three big human groups culturally diferenciables: the waraos (the most important), those 
Araucanian and the caribeses. Great percentage of the Creoles comes from Margarita island. 

NATIONAL PARKS 
It has a single national park: Delta of the Orinoco (Mariusa) that occupies a surface of 
331 000 hectares exactly in the center of the delta of the river Orinoco, where the biggest river of 
Venezuela meets with the Océano Atlántico. 

Economic ACTIVITY 
The most excellent economic activities are the agricultural ones, the fishing ones and those of type 
traditional and forest of extractive type of hard, soft wood and span. The items 
agricultural more important they are: corn, yucca, banana, rice, cocoa, coconut and pineapple. In the sector cattle it highlights the breeding of bovine, bovine livestock and bufalino. The timber production of wood in rola locates it in the fifth place of the national total. The fishing potential has 
represented one of the basic activities of maintenance. The dominant species 
they belong to the fluvial ecosystem: bagre, lebranche, flat, bass, coporo and shrimp. These 
species, except bagre and coporo, have full identification with the mangroves. The four 
more important fishing ports are: Tucupita, Flints, Curiapo and Mysterious Island. 

TRADITIONS 
In the riverbanks of the rivers and pipes of the Delta of the Orinoco  settles the town warao, 
heirs of a rich wealth of cultural expressions among those that highlight their oral tradition, 
their sizes in wood and, in particular way, their cestería. In their original expressions, the 
cestería had a double significance. First, because they were indispensable for all the 
practical activities. And, in second place, for their spiritual implications associated to the 
it disciplines and the concentration, since the continuous manipulation of the fiber converts the artisan in a chamán. The matter prevails of its cestería it is the bark of the shaft of  shivers. The diversity of you form and ways of production allow to find mapires of great size in form of 
bell and of complex and slow elaboration (humuta); sebucanes used to squeeze the one 
poison of the yucca (ahuruba); handsome, species of trays called bihi; sieves or manares; 
moroki, infantile maracas; trunks or covered baskets (foroforo), used by the chamán for 
to keep the sacred matters; and fans to vivify the fire, to turn the rod cakes of 
moriche or yuruma, or even to complete spiritual functions. 


Index -General Information by State

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

 



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