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INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

   COJEDES State

Geopolitical division 
In 1830 figure in the County of Carabobo. In 1855 two counties are believed: one with the one 
same name and another call Cojedes. In 1864  becomes state. In 1881 form the one 
South state of West. In 1891 the Great Estado Zamora is believed. In 1899 it is again 
state. In 1904 it integrates the state Zamora. In 1909 it recovers their autonomy. It is divided in seven municipalities and fifteen parishes. 

MAP VIAL Road-Maps
The system vial is short if it is compared with the surface of the state. The used roads 
they are: the troncal 8 that takes to Barinas; the 13 that  goes at Guárico and the 5 that it drives to Portuguese, Carabobo and the center of the country. It is in construction the freeway from San Carlos to Acarigua. Among the important populations they are counted: The Vegas, The Trunk, The Pao, Freedom, Tinaco and Tinaquillo. 

Basic DATA 
Capital 
San Carlos. 
Location 
Central region. 
Limits 
North: Carabobo and Yaracuy. 
South: Barinas. 
This: Guárico. 
West: Portuguese. 
Surface 
14 800 km2. 
Percentage of the national territory 
1,61%. it is the thirteenth entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 
One of the big attractiveness is to enjoy the animals and of the plants of the Hato Piñero, in 
The Trunk. In May  takes place in the capital the Fair of the Mango, the regional fruit. In San Carlos it is the House of the Culture The Blanquera, installed in a construction that dates of the XVIII century, where Bolivar planned the Battle of Carabobo; the Immaculate Concepción's church, 
built in the XV century; that of Saint John the Baptist erected among the XVII and XVIII centuries; and the one of Sacred Domingo, only that has not been remodeled from their creation in the XIX century. Also of San Carlos' famous Racing circuit. In Tinaco they are the thermal waters The 
Sulfurous and the spa The Jump. And in Tinaquillo, the thermal waters The Aguadita and the reservoir of Cachinche, fork of the rivers Paíto and Chirgua. 

Geography 
Geology 
In the mountain landscapes and piedemonte there are materials of the era mesozoica, beginning the one system deposicional with a basal conglomerate of quartz fragments and granite, happening 
of calcareous to a series of calcareous schists. In an immediate way the positions 
piedemontinas concludes to open the way to the landscape llanero of quaternary origin. 

Relief 
The mountain landscape (that includes the slopes of the Serranía of the Interior)  has heights 
I average from 800 to 1 000 m.s.n.m., and it is conformed by wavy slopes to accident victims 
with slopes of 30-50% and bigger to 50%, besides straits you fence intramontanos. In the one 
piedemonte dominates the wavy hills to accident victims, and the low hills, with slopes 
smaller to 60% and heights average of 400 m.s.n.m. The landscape llanero embraces near 71% of the one state. It is subdivided in: high plains of intermediate alluvial plains and low plains, of 
alluvial plains with a sedimentation of the deltaic type with wide plane areas and 
depressions. 

Climate 
According to the classification of Köeppen, the climate is of savanna (Aw), with small variations 
climatic. The annual half temperature is of 26,1° Celsius, coinciding the maximum registrations 
and minimum with the dry and humid months, respectively. The precipitation annual average 
it varies among 1 300 -1 600 mm, increasing you among 1 900-2 000 mm in the areas 
mountainous. 

Hydrography 
The net main hidrográfica is part of the subcuenca of the Portuguese river, conformed for 
five big rivers: Cojedes, San Carlos (Tirgua), Tinaco, Pao and Chirgua. The high basins of 
these rivers have great importance for the socioeconomic sustenance of the region. 

Vegetation 
In the mountainous areas it dominates the vegetation of clear bushes, herbazales and forests 
dispersed; in some valleys intramontanos exists. The positions piedemontinas and the landscape 
llanero is conformed by hoisted savannas. The forest potential is bounded to those 
lots boscosos llaneros, where there are species of high commercial value as: saqui-saqui, samán, 
mijao, jobo, I dredge, apamate, cedar, ceiba, jabillo, charo, carocaro, mahogany, camoruco, carabalí, 
locust and sucking. 

Fauna 
They are counted among the mammals: báquiro white cheek and deer caramerudo; in the galleys 
it is frequent to see pumas and tigers. Among the birds  is a variety of blue, as well as 
real parrot, Brazilian duck, sparrow hawk whistles deer and paraulata llanera. The bell, the one kills real and the one 
cayman of the Orinoco is the better known reptiles. Among the amphibians: toad and frog platanera. 
Two fishing areas are presented that they offer a high potentiality. The fishing area of 
flood that extends from the left riverbank of the Portuguese river until the north of the one 
state; and the ribazón area or summer that it covers the Portuguese river and  extends toward the south, 
until reaching the pipe Igües and their fork with the river Guanarito. 

Mineral resources 
They concentrate on the mountainous region to the north and the solid of The Trunk. The locations of 
metallic minerals are associated to the formation Tiramuto and to the complex The Tinaco. In the one 
first lead deposits, zinc and copper exist, while in the second there are reservations of 
nickel that you/they can be exploited to open sky. The most important non metallic minerals 
they are: asbestos (the main deposits of Venezuela are located to the northwest of Tinaquillo), 
bentonita, cianita, feldespato, graphite, sand, burdens, limestone, talc, granite, magnesita and  washes ornamental. 

Population 
According to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990 their population is of 182 066 hab, for 
what occupies the twentieth second place with regard to the national total. Their populational density 
it is of 12,3 hab/km2. The main urban centers are: San Carlos, Tinaquillo, Tinaco, Those 
Vegas and The Trunk. The occupation pattern and space operation is characterized by a drop 
populational density to the south, in the sector of the plains, and a marked urban concentration to the one center-north, mainly in the piedemonte, where the municipalities are located San Carlos 
(38,02%), falcon (26,55%) and Tinaco (13,97%). 

NATIONAL PARKS 
It has a single national park: Tirgua (General Manuel Manrique) whose surface is of 
91 000 hectares and it embraces the municipalities San Carlos and Anzoátegui, and the municipality Nirgua of the one 
Yaracuy. 

Economic ACTIVITY 
The industrial activity is precarious, being the agricultural one the economic base of the state. It is the one first producing of batata, of quinchoncho and of tobacco; the second in ajonjolí, and the third producing of rice, of yam and of mango of the country. Other cultivated products are: corn, sorghum, yucca, coffee and cane of sugar. In the cattle sector they dominate the bovine cattle raising (their main one economic resource) and swinish. The timber production, based initially on the extraction irrational of fine species,  has gone toward the calls hard and soft wood, 
shrinking the productive capacity of the forests. It has some industries of self-driven, spun reserves, furniture and electric materials. 

TRADITIONS 
The spree is a traditional musical expression, characteristic of the Christmas that one manifests 
fundamentally in the states Carabobo, part of Aragua and in Cojedes. The grouping, 
integrated by musicians that interpret topics accompanied by furruco, maraca, guitar, 
four, violin, mandolins and charrascas, they go of house at home singing to the birth. To 
inclination of its verses requests permission to the owner of the habitation to begin its task. 
Later on they sing the boy Jesus, and later they intone ballads to the present, concluding 
with the petition of the respective Christmas gifts for the members of the grouping. Those 
sprees are identified by the name and a certain color that capture in the shirts and 
in the flags that behave. Also, they take enormous handkerchiefs placed on the shoulders. 
Heading the spree a character that takes a streetlight or star goes always. Those 
older groupings are The Flower of Cojedes and the Verdeclarita of the state Carabobo. The 
first  is 60 years old celebrating this ritual in the houses of the central state that  gives him name. 


Index -General Information by State

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

 



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